WELCOME TO Sri Dalada Maligawa

KANDY

Kandy (MahaNuwara) is a major city in Sri Lanka.  It is an administrative and religious city and is also the capital city of the Central Province. It is the last capital of the ancient kings’ era of Sri Lanka.  Kandy is the home of The Temple of the Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha, one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. The distant from Colombo is 116.1 Km.  It takes 3 hrs and 29 minutes to reach Kandy from Colombo.

SRI DALADA MALIGAWA (THE TEMPLE OF THE TOOTH RELIC)

The Temple of the sacred Tooth Relic or Sri Dalada Maligawa is a Buddhist temple which is located in Kandy Sri Lanka.  Tooth Relic of the Lord Buddha is in the sacred palace of the Tooth Relic.  The palace is located in the royal palace complex in the kingdom of Kandy.  Kandy is an administrative and religious town and the capital of Central Province.  It is a sacred town as the Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha is placed there.

HISTORY

After the Nibbana of the Lord Buddha, the sacred Tooth Relic was preserved in Kalinga, smuggled to Sri Lanka by princess Hemamala and her husband prince Danta and it was handed over to the king Megawarna.

In (1593-1603) The king Wimaladharmasuriya firstly erected the temple of the tooth. In 1603 in Portugues invasion the Tooth Relic was hidden.  It has been brought again to Kandy by king Rajasinghe ii and it was rebuilt again a new building which is similar to old bulding.  The present temple of the tooth is built by king Weeraparakrama Narendresinghe in the early 1700.

ARCHITECTURE

The brick wall which runs along the moat and Bogambara lake is called water waves wall.  There are holes in this wall are built to light coconut oil lamps.` Maha Wahalkada’ is the main entrance gate  placed over the moat. At the foot of MahaWahalkada steps here is the `Sandakadapahana’, (Moonstone) which is carved in kandyan architectural style. Elephants are depicted in stones on either side of the entrance.  A ‘Makara Torana’ and two guardian stones are placed top of the stair case.

Hewisi drummers chamber is  situated in front of the main shrine.  The two storeys of the main shrine are known as `Palle Mala’ (lower floor) and ‘Udu Mala` (upper floor) Weda Hitina Malaya.  The actual place which is the Tooth Relic is placed is `Handun Kunama’. The` Golden Canopy’ which is over the main shrine  and the `Golden Fence’ which is encircle the main shrine are the notable features.

PATHTHIRIPPUWA

Paththirippuwa is an octageon shape building and it is one of the main three structures of Dalada Maligawa.  It is built in the old kitchen in the temple. It is built in the front area of the maligawa by a royal architect Devdendra Mulachari in the era of the king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe in 1802.

DALADA PERAHARA

Dalada festival in Kandy is a noble festival of Buddhist in Sri Lanka and the Buddhist world.  It is known as Dalada perahara.  It is held in Kandy July and August months annually.  This historical procession is held in the temple of tooth of Kandy for paying the homage for tooth relic of Lord Buddha and to worship old gods.

The Kandy dalada perahara (procession) consists of traditional local dances, fire dances, lash dances kandyan dances and cultural dances. Elephants are decorated with lavish cloths. The perahara ends with the traditional diya kepeema ritual and the water cutting ceremony which is in Gatambe, Kandy.

THE CASEKETE

The Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha is encased in seven golden caseketes which are engraved with precious gemstones.  The shape of the casekete is like a Sthupa.

DIYA WADANA NILAME

Diya wadana Nilame is the trustee of the temple of the tooth as defined by the Buddhist temperalised ordnance. Diya Wadana Nilame has a responsibility of preserve the Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha and to carryout ancient ritual and overseen the all aspects of the temple of the tooth. He has a traditional duty of organizing the annual pageant of the Kandy Esala Perahara.

RAJA

Raja was a Sri Lankan tusker belongs to Sri Dalada Maligawa.  He participated the Kandy perahara about 50 yrs and beared the  sacred Dalada casekete about 37 yrs in Randoli perahara.  In his life time, he was the one of the famous tusker in  Asia, and because of his noblest behaviour he was famous.  Admiring his service to the religion and the culture, he was declared as the “noblest treasure” by the former president J.R. Jayawardene 1n 1986.

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